Light penetration of kelp forests
Light Limitation within Southern New Zealand Kelp Forest Communities
27 Sep Light penetration was exponentially related to canopy density, but was Kelp Forest Giant Kelp Average Irradiance Macrocystis Pyrifera Kelp.
Kelp Forests - a Description
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Kelp Forests - A Description | Office of National Marine Sanctuaries
Kelp forests grow predominantly on the Pacific Coast, from Alaska and algae communities live in clear water conditions through which light penetrates easily.
Description:Location of study sites. Materials and Methods Study Area Field studies did not require any permit or permission and did not involve any protected or endangered species. A limitation of such a design is that without spatially interspersed low light and highlight sites, which do not exist along this coastline and are extremely rare worldwide, biogeographical factors other than light may influence the trends observed in this study. Measures were taken to quantify potential confounding factors such as temperature, nutrient availability and grazing pressure, following this the chosen sites were shown to be highly comparable with the exception of their underwater light environment. Each site had a similar north to northeast aspect, was subject to similar levels of wave exposure and had a substrate of boulders, bedrock or a combination of both.